Insulin shows why we need a public option in the pharma industry

When Frederick Banting, Charles Best, and James Collip filed for a U.S. patent on insulin in 1923 and sold it to the University of Toronto for $1 each, they did it because, as Best once said, “insulin belongs to the world.” They also believed that securing the patent was a form of publication, and wrote to the university president, “When the details of the method of preparation are published anyone would be free to prepare the extract, but no one could secure a profitable monopoly.” Today, three companies — Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk (NVO), and Sanofi (SNY) Aventis — control virtually the entire global market for insulin. This oligopoly, which may have colluded to fix insulin prices, charges exorbitant amounts for a medicine that people with type 1 diabetes cannot live without. Since the 1990s, they have raised the price of insulin more than 1,200%. In the past few years we’ve learned about the tragic and preventable deaths of 20-somethings who simply couldn’t afford their insulin, even with insurance. Diabetes-related complications like amputations are on the rise again after decades of decline, and many people who depend on insulin to survive are sacrificing their rent, their ca...

Complexity of plastics make it impossible to know which are dangerous

EurekAlert! offers eligible public information officers paid access to a reliable news release distribution service. IMAGE: Researchers recommend that consumers try to avoid PVC, which is labelled as #3 plastic in the recycling code, and all products labelled as #7 plastic, which are “other types of… view more  A lot of people worry about microplastics and plastic pollution, but not as many of us are aware of the large number of chemicals we encounter in plastic products that we use every day. Researchers know of more than 4,000 chemicals that are currently used in plastic food packaging. But with more than 5,000 different types of plastic on the market, the number of chemicals used to make plastics is likely even larger. “The problem is that plastics are made of a complex chemical cocktail, so we often don’t know exactly what substances are in the products we use. For most of the thousands of chemicals, we have no way to tell whether they are safe or not,” says Martin Wagner, a biologist at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). “This is because, practically speaking, it’s impossible to trace all of these compounds. ...

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The “India E-Cigarette Market Research Report: By Product, Gender, Age-Group, Distribution Channel – Industry Size

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The “India E-Cigarette Market Research Report: By Product, Gender, Age-Group, Distribution Channel – Industry Size Analysis and Growth Forecast to 2024″ report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering. The Indian e-cigarette market reached a value of $7.8 million in 2018, and it is further predicted to witness a CAGR of 26.4% during the forecast period (2019-2024). The factors positively impacting the growth of the market are the rising awareness regarding health and increasing demand for ashless vaping devices. Instead of burning tobacco, e-cigarettes heat liquid nicotine or flavors to produce mist, in order to provide sensations similar to smoking, on puffing. E-cigarettes were developed as alternatives to traditional tobacco cigarettes. On the basis of distribution channel, the Indian e-cigarette market is categorized into online, hypermarket/supermarket, tobacconist, vape shops, and others (which include pharmacies and vending machines). Among these, the category of tobacconists dominated the market during the historical period (2014-2018); however, online distribution channels are expected to take over th...

Don’t settle for scratchy sheets—high-quality bedding is just a click away with these top-notch bedding websites.

Don’t settle for scratchy sheets—high-quality bedding is just a click away with these top-notch bedding websites. Buying new sheets is super fun—until you realize it’s really not and high-quality bedding is actually pretty hard to find. Let’s be honest: Searching for the best bed sheets is only fun in theory. Once the shopping process starts, it becomes pretty clear that picking through all those different thread counts, bedding websites, sheet materials, sleep brands, and more is a task challenging enough to make you just go back to bed. Finding the most comfortable sheets is tricky. Here at Real Simple, we all have our picks for the best bed sheet sets. We’ve tested sheets for people who sweat and written about sheets reviewers love. We’ve checked out flannel sheets and bed sheets made of eucalyptus. And at the end of the day (or the night, in this case), picking the best high-quality bedding for you is still a highly personal choice. Some people refuse to sleep on anything but linen. Others must have bed sheets with moisture-wicking abilities. And still more will pick a new set of sheets for every season, as long as they’re soft. There’s no one-sheet-suits-all situation here,...

Manfrotto’s cute friction arm is an ultra-versatile video accessory support

Mount video vitals like an LED light, monitor or mic via Manfrotto’s latest Micro Variable friction arm kit Manfrotto has launched new compact support accessories targeted at videographers who need to mount video accessories to a tripod or camera cage. The 244MICRO-AA kit incorporates three elements: The centerpiece is Manfrotto’s 244 Micro Friction Arm – a small 15cm-long, two-section arm with ball & socket attachment points at either end. The idea is to mount one end of the arm to a camera cage or tripod, then the other end can be used to mount an accessory such as an external monitor, microphone, or a small LED light. Max payload is a hefty 3kg, and friction is adjustable so you can tailor the arm to work with different payload weights. The two other elements of the 244MICRO-AA kit are the attachment points at either end of the Friction Arm. At one end is a new 3/8-inch mounting point that also features two anti-rotation locking pins designed for compatibility with Arri camera equipment popular with professional videographers. The reversible steel plate containing the anti-rotation pins can be flipped over to convert the attachment to a standard 3/8-inc...

ElectroCraft, Inc. Expands the MobilePower™ Product Offering with the MPW Series

STRATHAM, N.H., May 30, 2019 /PRNewswire/ – ElectroCraft, Inc., the global fractional horsepower motor and motion solutions provider, has expanded their MobilePower™ traction system offer with the MPW52 and MPW86.  The MobilePower™ Wheel-Drive (MPW) features a high torque-density brushless DC motor with an integrated single-stage planetary gearbox and wheel drive assembly. “The MPW is an application-specific extension to the ElectroCraft MobilePower™ gearmotor product offering,” notes Scott Rohlfs, Director of Product Marketing.  “The MPW adds to the breadth of product capability from the MobilePower™ gearmotor line to include industrial-grade traction systems for automated guided vehicles (AGV) and a wide range of autonomous mobile robots (AMR).” The MPW is one of the most powerful compact wheel drives ever created.  It builds not only on the ElectroCraft gearmotor knowledge base, but leverages the high-torque-density that ElectroCraft provides with the RPX Series and other Brushless DC motor product lines: The MPW joins a MobilePower™ product family that has more than one million gearmotors in service Worldwide.  The ElectroCraft motion control te...

Experts talk recycled paper realities and forecasts

From left: Mick Barry, Brian Hawkinson, Shailesh Gothal, Dave Yousif, Mark Bond and Dave Claugus at the 2019 Resource Recycling Conference and Trade Show. | Brian Adams Photography/Resource Recycling Conference MRF operators, brokers and others recently discussed why fiber is still “the elephant in the room” in municipal recycling conversations. During a recovered fiber session at the 2019 Resource Recycling Conference and Trade Show in New Orleans, stakeholders from throughout the paper recycling sector discussed where the market is and where it’s headed. Fiber is the “elephant in the room” as far as the value of the residential mix that municipalities receive, said Dave Claugus, vice president of Pacific Northwest MRF operator Pioneer Recycling Services. The session featured experts from the American Forest & Paper Association, Gemini Corporation, the Continuous Improvement Fund, Sustana Fiber and Pioneer Recycling Services. It was moderated by Mick Barry of Mid-America Recycling. Paper is the “main event” at a MRF, said Claugus. In the Pacific Northwest, paper makes up 75% of the material that comes onto the tip floor Monday through Friday. “That means that paper moves th...

In the interview below, Barbara Keller, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources big game program supervisor, details

In the interview below, Barbara Keller, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources big game program supervisor, details new deer hunting opportunities and regulations in effect this year, including establishment of a large chronic wasting disease (CWD) management zone in north-central Minnesota. Keller holds a doctoral degree in wildlife science from the University of Missouri and was the Missouri Department of Conservation deer program manager before coming to Minnesota in January. A: Possibly a slight increase. Last winter was tough in some areas of the northeast and the harvest might be down there. Otherwise, some permit areas are more conservative this year than last in terms of available antlerless permits, and some areas are more liberal. Hunters should check the DNR synopsis to see harvest regulations that govern their permit area. Q: One major change this year is establishment of a statewide youth deer hunt, Oct. 17 through Oct. 20. A: Previously we had youth seasons in the northwest and southeast. Now it will be virtually statewide. The hunt is for youth ages 10 to 17. Youth ages 10 to 13 must have a mentor with them. The older hunters don’t, but hunter education require...

Geoengineering: Sci-fi ways scientists could mimic volcanic eruptions to help avert climate disaster

Ideas about how to get sulphur dioxide in the stratosphere include using a fleet of spy planes, a giant hosepipe, rockets or sprayers attached to hydrogen balloons Climate change is the greatest test humanity has ever faced – and so far indications are we’re failing dismally. From increased flooding to more violent droughts, every week seems to bring new warnings that without urgent change we will plunge headlong into environmental catastrophe as the world warms. Some scientists are investigating radical geoengineering techniques to deflect some of that heat. Ideas about planting mirrors in the ocean or creating space sunshades might seem like harebrained ideas of a nutty professor, but the eccentric nature of these plans is a measure of how desperate the situation is. None of this sci-fi style technology exists (except as a prototype), and some believe the risks of intentionally modifying the climate could be worse than the effects of climate change itself. However, authors of a UN climate report in 2018 said geoengineering may need to be used as a “remedial measure”. The report focused on a technique, called stratospheric aerosol injection, that mimics the effects of a volcan...

These small business owners grabbed this new 20% tax break

Coal is still a dominant fuel in the rapidly growing economies of Southeast Asia, data from several recent reports show. Chinese President Xi Jinping said Tuesday in a speech commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party’s rule that no force could sway China’s development. Stocks in Asia edged higher in Tuesday morning trade, with Australia’s central bank set to announce its rate decision. October has historically been the most volatile month as the VIX, an index that measures investors’ fear, tends to peak in the month. Forever 21 on Sunday night announced it was filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, planning to close nearly 200 locations across the U.S. McClellan says former FDA chief Scott Gottlieb had tried over the last couple of years to put a more “aggressive regulatory structure in place” for use of e-cigarettes. Sen. Bernie Sanders on Monday proposed an “inequality tax” that would hit McDonald’s, J.P. Morgan and Walmart especially hard, according to the Sanders campaign. Investors rotated into the cyclical sectors in September, but they also added to holdings in utilities after interest rates dipped ...